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Toxoplasma Gondii IgG/IgM Test WB/S/P
Specimen: Whole Blood/ Serum/ Plasma
The One Step TOXO IgG/IgM Test is a rapid chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of antibodies (IgG and IgM) to Toxoplasma gondii in Whole Blood /Serum / Plasma to aid in the diagnosis of TOXO infection. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite with a worldwide distribution. Serological data indicates that approximately 30% of the population of most industrialized nations is chronically infected with the organism. A variety of serologic tests for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii have been used as an aid in diagnosis of acute infection and to assess previous exposure to the organism. These tests are the Sabin-Feldman dye test, direct agglutination, indirect hemagglutination, latex agglutination, indirect immunofluorescence, and ELISA. Recently, lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay, such as The Toxo IgM/IgG Rapid Test (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) was introduced into the clinic for the serodiagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection. One step TOXO IgG/IgM Test is a simple, visual qualitative test that detects TOXO antibodies in human Whole Blood/serum/plasma. The test is based on immunochromatography and can give a result within 15 minutes.
The One Step TOXO IgG/IgM Test is a qualitative membrane strip based immunoassay for the detection of TOXO antibodies (IgG and IgM) in Whole Blood /Serum / Plasma. The test device consists of: 1) a burgundy colored conjugate pad containing TOXO recombinant envelope antigens conjugated with Colloid gold (TOXO conjugates) and rabbit IgG-gold conjugates,2) a nitrocellulose membrane strip containing two test bands (T1 and T2 bands) and a control band (C band). The T1 band is pre-coated with the antibody for the detection of IgM anti-TOXO, T2 band is coated with antibody for the detection of IgG anti-TOXO, and the C band is pre-coated with goat anti rabbit IgG. When an adequate volume of test specimen is dispensed into the sample well of the test cassette, the specimen migrates by capillary action across the cassette. IgG anti-TOXO, if present in the specimen, will bind to the TOXO conjugates. The immunocomplex is then captured by the reagent pre-coated on the T2 band, forming a burgundy colored T2 band, indicating a TOXO IgG positive test result and suggesting a recent or repeat infection. IgM anti-TOXO if present in the specimen will bind to the TOXO conjugates. The immunocomplex is then captured by the reagent coated on the T1 band, forming a burgundy colored T1 band, indicating a TOXO IgM positive test result and suggesting a fresh infection. Absence of any T bands (T1 and T2) suggests a negative result. The test contains an internal control (C band) which should exhibit a burgundy colored band of the immunocomplex of goat anti rabbit IgG/rabbit IgG-gold conjugate regardless of the color development on any of the T bands. Otherwise, the test result is invalid and the specimen must be retested with another device.
Storage and Stability
1.Store as packaged in the sealed pouch at room temperature or refrigerated (4-30℃ or 40-86℉). The test device is stable through the expiration date printed on the sealed pouch.
2.The test must remain in the sealed pouch until use.
Additional Special Equipment
Test devices Disposable specimen droppers
Buffer Package insert
Materials Required But Not Provided
Specimen collection containers
1.For professional in vitro diagnostic use only. Do not use after expiration date.
2.Do not eat, drink or smoke in the area where the specimens and kits are handled.
3.Handle all specimens as if they contain infectious agents.
4.Observe established precautions against microbiological hazards throughout all procedures and follow the standard procedures for proper disposal of specimens.
5.Wear protective clothing such as laboratory coats, disposable gloves and eye protection when specimens are assayed.
6.Follow standard biosafety guidelines for handling and disposal of potential infective material.
7.Humidity and temperature can adversely affect results.
Specimen Collection and Preparation
1.The One Step TOXO IgG/IgM Test can be performed used on Whole Blood /Serum / Plasma.
2.To collect whole blood, serum or plasma specimens following regular clinical laboratory procedures.
3.Testing should be performed immediately after specimen collection. Do not leave the specimens at room temperature for prolonged periods. For long term storage, specimens should be kept below -20℃. Whole blood should be stored at 2-8℃ if the test is to be run within 2 days of collection. Do not freeze whole blood specimens.
4.Bring specimens to room temperature prior to testing. Frozen specimens must be completely thawed and mixed well prior to testing. Specimens should not be frozen and thawed repeatedly.
Allow the test, specimen, buffer and/or controls to reach room temperature 15-30℃ (59-86℉) prior to testing.
1.Bring the pouch to room temperature before opening it. Remove the test device from the sealed pouch and use it as soon as possible.
2.Place the test device on a clean and level surface.
3.Hold the dropper vertically and transfer 1 drop of specimen (approximately 10μl) to the specimen well(S) of the test device, then add 2 drops of buffer (approximately 80μl) and start the timer. See illustration below.
4.Wait for the colored line(s) to appear. Read results at 15 minutes. Do not interpret the result after 20 minutes.
Applying sufficient amount of specimen is essential for a valid test result. If migration (the wetting of membrane) is not observed in the test window after one minute, add one more drop of buffer to the specimen well.
Interpretation of Results
Positive: Control line and at least one test line appear on the membrane. The appearance of T2 test line indicates the presence of TOXO specific IgG antibodies. The appearance of T1 test line indicates the presence of TOXO specific IgM antibodies. And if both T1 and T2 line appear, it indicates that the presence of both TOXO specific IgG and IgM antibodies. The lower the antibody concentration is, the weaker the result line is.
Negative: One colored line appears in the control region(C).No apparent colored line appear in the test line region.
Invalid: Control line fails to appear. Insufficient specimen volume or incorrect procedural techniques are the most likely reasons for control line failure. Review the procedure and repeat the test with a new test device. If the problem persists, discontinue using the test kit immediately and contact your local distributor.
1.The One Step TOXO IgG/IgM Test is for in vitro diagnostic use only. The test should be used for the detection of TOXO antibodies in Whole Blood /Serum / Plasma specimens only. Neither the quantitative value nor the rate of increase in TOXO antibodies can be determined by this qualitative test.
2.The One Step TOXO IgG/IgM Test will only indicate the presence of TOXO antibodies in the specimen and should not be used as the sole criteria for the diagnosis of TOXO infection.
3.As with all diagnostic tests, all results must be interpreted together with other clinical information available to the physician.
4.If the test result is negative and clinical symptoms persist, additional testing using other clinical methods is recommended. A negative result does not at any time preclude the possibility of TOXO infection.
Contact Person: Ms. Anna Lee