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One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette

One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette

One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette

Product Details:

Place of Origin: China
Brand Name: SPAN
Certification: ISO CE
Model Number: RA0503

Payment & Shipping Terms:

Minimum Order Quantity: 100 tests
Price: Negotiable
Packaging Details: 20 tests/box
Payment Terms: T/T, Western Union, MoneyGram
Supply Ability: 1000000 pcs per month
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Detailed Product Description
Package: 20 Tests/box Specificity: 100%
Sensitivity: 100%

 

One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette

 

Package insert for Amphetamine Test Cassette.

This Instruction Sheet is for testing of Amphetamine.

For professional and in vitro diagnostic use only.

 

Intended Use

The AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of Amphetamine in urine at the cut-off concentration of 1,000ng/ml.

This assay provides only a preliminary analytical test result. A more specific alternate chemical method must be used in order to obtain a confirmed analytical result. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is the preferred confirmatory method. Clinical consideration and professional judgment should be applied to any drug of abuse test result, particularly when preliminary positive results are used.

Summary

Amphetamine is a Schedule II controlled substance available by presecription (Dexedrine®) and is also available on the illicit market. Amphetamines are a class of potent sympathomimetic agents with therapeutic applications. They are chemically related to the human body’s natural catecholamines: epinephrine and norepinephrine. Acute higher does lead to enhanced stimulation of the central nervous system and induce euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, and a sense of increased energy and power. Cardiovascular responses to Amphetamines include increased blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias. More acute responses produce anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, and psychotic behavior. The effects of Amphetamines generally last 2-4 hours following use, and the drug has a half-life of 4-24 hours in the body. About 30% of Amphetamines are excreted in the urine in unchanged form, with the remainder as hydroxylated and deaminated derivatives.

The AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette yields a positive result when the concentration of amphetamine in urine exceeds 1,000ng/ml. This is the suggested screening cut-off for positive specimens set by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA, USA).

Principle

The AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette is an immunoassay based on the principle of competitive binding. Drugs which may be present in the urine specimen compete against their respective drug conjugate for binding sites on their specific antibody.

During testing, a urine specimen migrates upward by capillary action. A drug, if present in the urine specimen below its cut-off concentration, will not saturate the binding sites of its specific antibody. The antibody will then react with the drug-protein conjugate and a visible colored line will show up in the test line region of the specific drug cassette. The presence of drug above the cut-off concentration will saturate all the binding sites of the antibody. Therefore, the colored line will not form in the test line region.

A drug-positive urine specimen will not generate a colored line in the specific test line region of the cassette because of drug competition, while a drug-negative urine specimen will generate a line in the test line region because of the absence of drug competition.

To serve as a procedural control, a colored line will always appear at the control line region, indicating that proper volume of specimen has been added and membrane wicking has occurred.

 

Warnings and Precautions

  • For in vitro diagnostic use only.
  • For healthcare professionals and professionals at point of care sites.
  • Do not use after the expiration date.
  • Please read all the information in this leaflet before performing the test.
  • The test panel should remain in the sealed pouch until use.
  • All specimens should be considered potentially hazardous and handled in the same manner as an infectious agent.
  • The used test panel should be discarded according to federal, state and local regulations.

Composition

The test contains a membrane strip coated with Amphetamine-protein conjugates on the test line, a goat-anti-mouse IgG polyclonal antibody on the control line, and a dye pad which contains colloidal gold-monoclonal antibody specific to Amphetamine.

Each box contains test panels and package insert.

Storage and Stability

  • Store as packaged in the sealed pouch at room temperature (2-30℃ or 36-86℉).The kit is stable within the expiration date printed on the labeling.
  • Once open the pouch, the test should be used within one hour. Prolonged exposure to hot and humid environment will cause product deterioration.

Additional Special Equipment

ŸSpecimen collection containerŸTimerŸExternal controls

Specimen

  • The urine specimen must be collected in a clean and dry container. Urine collected at any time of the day may be used. Urine specimens exhibiting visible precipitates should be centrifuged, filtered, or allowed to settle to obtain a clear supernatant for testing.
  • Urine specimens may be stored at 2-8°C for up to 48 hours prior to testing. For prolonged storage, specimens may be frozen and stored below -20°C. Frozen specimens should be thawed and mixed well before testing.

Test Procedure

Allow the test and urine samples to equilibrate to room temperature (15-30℃or 59-86℉) prior to testing.

  1. Remove the test cassette from the sealed pouch.
  2. Hold the dropper vertically and transfer 3 full drops(approx. 100ml) of urine to the specimen well of the test cassette, and then begin timing. See the illustration below.
  3. Wait for colored lines to appear. Interpret the test results at 3-5 minutes. Do not read results after 10 minutes.

 

Interpretation of Results

Negative:*Two lines appear. One red line should be in the control region (C), and another apparent red or pink line adjacent should be in the test region (T). This negative result indicates that the drug concentration is below the detectable level.

*NOTE: The shade of red in the test line region (T) will vary, but it should be considered negative whenever there is even a faint pink line.

Positive: One red line appears in the control region (C). No line appears in the test region (T). This positive result indicates that the drug concentration is above the detectable level.

Invalid: Control line fails to appear. Insufficient specimen volume or incorrect procedural techniques are the most likely reasons for control line failure. Review the procedure and repeat the test using a new test panel. If the problem persists, discontinue using the lot immediately and contact your local distributor.

Quality Control

A procedural control is included in the test. A red line appearing in the control region (C) is considered an internal procedural control. It confirms sufficient specimen volume, adequate membrane wicking and correct procedural technique.

Control standards are not supplied with this kit. However, it is recommended that positive and negative controls be tested as good laboratory practice to confirm the test procedure and to verify proper test performance.

Limitations
  • The AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette provides only a qualitative, preliminary analytical result. A secondary analytical method must be used to obtain a confirmed result. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is the preferred confirmatory method.
  • There is a possibility that technical or procedural errors, as well as other interfering substances in the urine specimen may cause erroneous results.
  • Adulterants, such as bleach and/or alum, in urine specimens may produce erroneous results regardless of the analytical method used. If adulteration is suspected, the test should be repeated with another urine specimen.
  • A Positive result does not indicate level or intoxication, administration route or concentration in urine.
  • A Negative result may not necessarily indicate drug-free urine. Negative results can be obtained when drug is present but below the cut-off level of the test.
  • Test does not distinguish between drugs of abuse and certain medications.
  • A positive test result may be obtained from certain foods or food supplements.

Performance Characteristics

 
  Accuracy  
     

A side-by-side comparison was conducted using the AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette and commercially available drug rapid tests. Testing was performed on approximately 300 specimens per drug type previously collected from subjects presenting for Drug Screen Testing. Presumptive positive results were confirmed by GC/MS. The following compounds were quantified by GC/MS and contributed to the total amount of drugs found in presumptive positive urine samples tested.

Test Compounds Contributed to the Totals of GC/MS
AMP Amphetamine

The following results are tabulated from these clinical studies:

%Agreement with Commercial Kit   %Agreement with GC/MS
  AMP   AMP

Positive

Agreement

98%

Positive

Agreement

97%

Negative

Agreement

100%

Negative

Agreement

96%

Total

Results

99%

Total

Results

96%
 

Forty (40) clinical samples for each drug were run using the AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette by an untrained operator at a Professional Point of Care site. Based on GC/MS data, the operator obtained statistically similar Positive Agreement, Negative Agreement and Overall Agreement rates as trained Laboratory personnel.

Precision
 

A study was conducted at three physician offices by untrained operators using three different lots of product to demonstrate the within run, between run and between operator precision. An identical panel of coded specimens, containing drugs at the concentration of ± 50% and ± 25% cut-off level, was labeled as a blind and tested at each site. The results are given below:

Amphetamine

conc.(ng/ml)

n per site Site A Site B Site C
- + - + - +
0 15 15 0 15 0 15 0
500 15 15 0 15 0 14 1
750 15 13 2 11 4 12 3
1,250 15 4 11 0 15 6 9
1,500 15 1 14 0 15 0 15

 

Analytical Sensitivity
 

A drug-free urine pool was spiked with drugs at concentrations listed. The results are summarized below.

Drug concentration

Cut-off Range

n AMP
- +
0% Cut-off 30 30 0
-50% Cut-off 30 30 0
-25% Cut-off 30 30 0
Cut-off 30 18 12
25% Cut-off 30 1 29
50% Cut-off 30 0 30
 

 

Analytical Specificity
 

The following table lists the concentration of compounds (ng/ml) that are detected positive in urine by the AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette at 3-5 minutes.

Amphetamine (AMP) Concentration(ng/ml)
D-Amphetamine 1,000
D,L-Amphetamine sulfate 3,000
L-Amphetamine 50,000
(±)3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine 2,000
Phentermine 3,000

 

Effect of Urinary Specific Gravity
 

Fifteen (15) urine samples of normal, high, and low specific gravity ranges (1.000-1.037) were spiked with drugs at 50% below and 50% above cut-off levels respectively. The AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette was tested in duplicate using fifteen drug-free urine and spiked urine samples. The results demonstrate that varying ranges of urinary specific gravity does not affect the test results.

Effect of the Urinary pH
 

The pH of an aliquoted negative urine pool was adjusted to a pH range of 5 to 9 in 1 pH unit increments and spiked with drugs at 50% below and 50% above cut-off levels. The spiked, pH-adjusted urine was tested with the AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette. The results demonstrate that varying ranges of pH does not interfere with the performance of the test.

Cross-Reactivity
 

A study was conducted to determine the cross-reactivity of the test with compounds in either drug-free urine or Amphetamine positive urine. The following compounds show no cross-reactivity when tested with the AMP One-Step Amphetamine Test Cassette at a concentration of 100µg/ml.

Non Cross-Reacting Compounds
 

 

Acetaminophen Acetophenetidin
N-Acetylprocainamide Acetylsalicylic acid
Aminopyrine Amoxicillin
Ampicillin L-Ascorbic acid
Apomorphine Aspartame
Atropine Benzilic acid
Benzoic acid Benzphetamine*
Bilirubin D/L-Brompheniramine
Caffeine Cannabidol
Chloralhydrate Chloramphenicol
Chlorothiazide D/L-Chloropheniramine
Chlorpromazine Chloroquine
Cholesterol Clonidine
Cortisone L-Cotinine
Creatinine Deoxycorticosterone
Dextromethorphan Diclofenac
Diflunisal Digoxin
Diphenhydramine Ecgonine methyl ester
L -Ψ-Ephedrine β-Estradiol
Estrone-3-sulfate Ethyl-p-aminobenzoate
[1R,2S] (-) Ephedrine L(–)-Epinephrine
Erythromycin Fenoprofen
Furosemide Gentisic acid
Hemoglobin Hydralazine
Hydrochlorothiazide Hydrocortisone
O-Hydorxyhippuric acid p-Hydroxyamphetamine
p-Hydroxytyramine Ibuprofen
Iproniazid D/L-Isoproterenol
Isoxsuprine Ketamine
Ketoprofen Labetalol
Loperamide Meperidine
Meprobamate Methoxyphenamine
Methylphenidate Nalidixic acid
Naloxone Naltrexone
Naproxen Niacinamide
Nifedipine Norethindrone
D-Norpropoxyphene Noscapine
D/L-Octopamine Oxalic acid
Oxolinic acid Oxymetazoline
Papaverine Penicillin-G
Pentazocine hydrochloride Perphenazine
Phenelzine Trans-2-phenylcyclo-propylamine hydrochloride
L-Phenylephrine β-Phenylethylamine
Phenylpropanolamine Prednisolone
Prednisone D/L-Propranolol
D-Propoxyphene D-Pseudoephedrine
Quinacrine Quinine
Quindine Ranitidine
Salicylic acid Serotonin
Sulfamethazine Sulindac
Tetracycline Tetrahydrocortisone 3-acetate
Tetrahydrozoline Tetrahydrocortisone 3 (β-D-glucuronide)
Thiamine Thioridazine
D/L-Tyrosine Tolbutamide
Triamterene Trifluoperazine
Trimethoprim Tryptamine
D/L-Tryptophan Tyramine
Uric acid Verapamil
Zomepirac  

*Parent compound only; metabolizes amphetamine and methamphetamine in urine.

Bibliography
  1. Baselt RC. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. 6th Ed. Biomedical Publ., Davis, CA. 2002; 129.
  2. FDA Guidance Document: Guidance for Premarket Submission for Kits for Screening Drugs of Abuse to be Used by the Consumer, 1997.
  3. A Handbook of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Gail Winger, Third Edition, Oxford Press, 1992, page 146.
  4. Tietz NW. Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. W.B. Saunders Company. 1986; 1735.
  5. Hawks RL, CN Chiang. Urine Testing for Drugs of Abuse. National Institute for Drug Abuse (NIDA), Research Monograph 73, 1986.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index of Symbols

 
  Do not reuse   For in vitro diagnostic use only
  Stored between 2-30℃   Consult instruction for use
  Caution   Lot number
  Use by   Contains sufficient for <n> tests
  Keep away from sunlight   Keep dry
  Manufacturer   Do not use if package is damaged
  Authorized Representative in the European Community
           

 

 

 

 

 

Version No.:4.0

Effective Date: Feb. 24, 2012

 

 

Span Biotech Ltd. is a research based company for rapid tests, with strong support from National Key Laboratory of Technology Projects of 10th and 11th Five-Year Plan and Faculty of Life Sciences of HuBei University. SpanBio also housed a R&D team that is developing gene recombination, cell cultivation and protein purification techniques. SpanBio pays strict attention on rapid tests for human being, animal diseases and food safety detection. It provides a number of customized services to professional distributors and partnering affiliates with excellent quality, competitive prices and super service.

 

Our mission:

 

  • Always best of all and always pay attention to innovation.
  • Special customized service tightly following customers’ requests.
  • Integrated excellent quality, competitive prices and super service together.

 

 

Span Biotech Ltd.

Add: 6A, Unit 5, Building 3, Sunshine Aloha, Bantian Industrial Park, Banxuegang Road , Longgang Shenzhen 518129

Tel:+86-755-89589611

E-mail: info@spanbio.com

 

 

 

Contact Details
SPAN BIOTECH LTD.

Contact Person: Ms. Anna Lee

Tel: 86-755-89589611

Fax: 86-755-89580096

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